Association for the Protection of Hammersley, Eld and Totten Inlets
in South Puget Sound, Washington


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Penn Cove Consequences of
Mussel Raft Culture

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Mussel Colonization of the rocky beach: mussel spat escaped from rafts and are one foot deep.  Dying ones rot in the sun, stinking and attracting yellow jacket bees.  Very hazardous walking conditions.  The spark that ignited APHETI. 1997

Picture of the same beach as above, taken in the 1980's.  Before the mussel rafts, it was a rocky, gravelly beach.

Picture of the same beach after the mussel rafts.......underneath the growth of seaweed are mussels.  The seaweed is not present later in the summer, as indicated by the first picture.


İAPHETI  2005 - 2013

Please send questions or contact us at apheti@gmail.com